Sunday, June 16 2024

What is Cloud Security Posture Management and how does it work?

Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM) is a product, service or platform that allows a business to protect their cloud infrastructure through the prevention, detection and response of cyber risks. A CSPM offering uses known and effective frameworks, regulatory standards and company policies to confirm whether a cloud service or security setting is secure from cyber threats.

CSPM has three main ways of benefiting a company’s cybersecurity posture. It can be used to prevent or minimize the damage from cloud misconfigurations, which often occur when a cloud product, such as Google Drive, Dropbox, or Salesforce, is not set up properly for a user. CSPM also analyzes assets and how they are set up on the cloud. Finally, it alerts company cybersecurity professionals to threats against a cloud infrastructure, such as improper access.

Why is it useful?

Technical education company PluralSight mentions in their State of the Cloud 2023 report that “70 percent of organizations report more than half their infrastructure is in the cloud.” Meanwhile, even though cloud offerings comprise such a sizable part of a business’ digital infrastructure, “69 percent of leaders still don’t have a clearly defined cloud strategy.”

Combined, these facts indicate that many companies may be prone to the misconfigurations in cloud offerings that allow cyberattacks to financially hurt a company due to digital disorganization. Indeed, given that the report also mentions that 65 percent of organizations say they use multiple cloud products or services, the number of weak points a company may have in the cloud is staggering, which only further emphasizes the need for CSPM.

What companies provide CSPM services?

CSPM has an extensive history and many CSPM products exist. Each of the products listed here are highly rated. Below is a breakdown of each offering’s pros and cons given overall customer sentiment on the review websites.

Prisma Cloud Platform

Prisma Cloud Platform by Palo Alto Networks works across cloud based applications to give companies a visual representation of potential misconfigurations and other weaknesses in their cloud infrastructure. Product users have the following to say about the offering:


·  Comprehensive security features

·  Automated security monitoring

·  Provides metrics for cloud compliance and code security

·  Reliable platform with minimal outages

·  One can build in the cloud for the cloud.


·  Support can be hard to obtain.

·  Slow to upgrade the platform in light of market developments

·  The problem severity calculation rubric prone to change with little warning

·  Can be a difficult platform to learn, training may be required

Trend Micro

Trend Micro Cloud One by Trend Micro aims to increase visibility of cloud weaknesses while also providing more context to cyber threats. Beyond this, the platform focuses broadly on compliance, resource and application security, threat detection and response, and remediation.


·  Being able to onboard new devices remotely

·  Threat insights and intelligence outperform similar programs due to Trend Micro’s attention provided to market changes.

·  Flexibility to install various solutions across the cloud

·  Virtual Patch feature provides outstanding endpoint protection.

·  User friendly interface


·  No vulnerability remediation fixes

·  Some services still require set up on company premises.

·  Some key features require additional licensing.

·  Limited customization of the platform

·  Slow to respond to changes in users’ status

Microsoft Defender

Microsoft Defender for Cloud by Microsoft aims to provide security in hybrid-cloud and multi cloud work environments. Professionals who have used the platform state it is a straightforward and cost effective platform but that it also negatively impacts processor time.


·  Easy to set up individuals’ roles depending on position in company

·  Compatible with multiple cloud environments, such as Google Cloud Platform and Amazon Web Services

·  Customizable and straightforward to use at multiple skill levels

·  Robust security posture

·  Cost-effective platform


·  Intelligence sources primarily come only from Microsoft, limiting intelligence knowledge overall

·  Requires multiple processes to run, which consumes memory and processor time

·  Solutions for server, client, identity and application are separate

·  Customer support system Azure can be ineffective

Orca Security

Orca Platform by Orca Security is a widely used platform with CSPM capabilities. The solution is known for its efficiency and cost effectiveness even in a multi-cloud environment. However, customers state the platform has a frustrating user interface and is less automated then other CSPM offerings.


·  Provides insights into digital assets that development operations for an application may struggle to obtain

·  Makes it easy to analyze of susceptibility of each application to cybersecurity threats

·  Collects data without impacting the performance or runtime of applications

·  The dashboard is easy to use with search capabilities and alert creation features

·  One does not need to modify products to do vulnerability scans


·  User interface is complex and difficult for a non-cybersecurity professional to understand

·  Using an agentless approach requires users to manually remove any detected viruses or malware

·  Lacks security checks at the code level

·  Platform can be slow to load


Lacework’s platform analyzes data from across multi cloud environments to give companies clarity on threats to their cloud infrastructure. Lacework emphasizes its use of machine learning and behavioral analytics to make its threat assessments.


·  Organizes alerts in order of severity

·  Easy to read compliance alerts

·  Able to abide by multiple compliance standards at once

·  Easy to use from day one


·  No FedRAMP authorization

·  Integrating with third-party security information and event management systems is difficult

·  Threat-hunting platform needs improvements

·  Lacks remediation features

The Future of CSPM

In July, Gartner released a forecast analysis on the future of CSPM. The IT consultancy company projects that CSPM will grow to 3.32 billion USD in 2027, which will primarily be led by the adoption of public and private clouds, virtual containers and serverless computing.

By 2026, the report states 80 percent of vendors will include CSPM as a potential feature of their cloud security offerings and 60 percent of institutions will view avoiding cloud misconfiguration as a cloud security priority. Given the expansion of the demand for CSPM such a cybersecurity tool will remain vital for cybersecurity professionals for the foreseeable future.

Read more cybersecurity product reviews. Explore CISOstack for in-depth insights, practical tips, and expert interviews on the latest cyber threats. Subscribe for regular updates to keep your company ahead in digital defense. Stay informed and secure with us.


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